Urdzhar district was formed in 1928. The territory of the district is 23.4 thousand square km. Тhe district center is rural Urdzhar has a population of 15,106. The distance of localities from the district center is between 5 and more than 100 km. The distance of the district center from the regional center is more than 500 km, to the nearest railway station in Ayaguz is more than 170 km. The administrative-territorial structure of Urdzhar district includes 27 rural district with 55 localities. The district is classified as a border area and borders the people's Republic of China.
In terms of natural and climatic conditions, Urdzhar district is a unique region. It is bordered by steppe and mountain-taiga landscapes.
The transport complex of the district includes the following types of communication: automobile and air.