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Al-Farabi 1150
Abu Nasr Al-Farabi: “The second teacher” after Aristotle
12 ноября 2020

In 2020, the 1150th anniversary of the great Kazakh philosopher Abu Nasr Al-Farabi (870-950 AD) is celebrated all over the world under the auspices of the government of Kazakhstan and UNESCO. Al-Farabi is a founding figure of philosophy in Arab culture, which made him famous as the “Second Teacher” after Aristotle.

Arabic-speaking philosophy was significantly influenced by ancient Greek philosophy. Al-Farabi created a whole encyclopedic system, similar to the Aristotelian teaching. He wrote about 160 treatises covering all branches of knowledge known at that time: politics, psychology, ethics, natural science, aesthetics, logic and, of course, philosophy. His main works survived and are kept in the best libraries in the world: in Cairo, Istanbul, Beirut, London, Berlin, Paris, Bratislava, Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Arab scholars and thinkers Al-Biruni, Ibn-Sina, Ibn-Rushd, Ibn-Badj, Ibn-Tufeil and many others considered themselves to be al-Farabi’s disciples. Ibn Sina said that he understood Aristotle’s Metaphysics only with the help of al-Farabi’s comments. Ibn Sina’s medical work was highly regarded in Europe throughout the Middle Ages. Ibn Rushd was known in Europe under the name of Averroes. Ibn Rushd developed al-Farabi’s idea of ​​the superiority of philosophy over religion, reason over revelation, laying the foundations of the doctrine of the duality of truth. Ibn-Badja was also influenced by the philosophy of al-Farabi, in his work “On the way of life of the secluded” he writes about the important role of knowledge in achieving ethical perfection. Ibn-Tufayl in “The Novel about Hayy, the son of Yakzan” develops the idea of ​​al-Farabi about the perfection of the philosophical way of knowing the truth.

Speaking about the influence of al-Farbi on European philosophy, first of all, should be mentioned the Jewish philosopher, theologian Maimonides, whose work “Guide to the Losts” contains the ideas of al-Farabi. Through Maimonides, a thread can be traced in the history of philosophy, leading from al-Farabi to Spinoza, D. Scot, R. Bacon. The English monk and philosopher R. Bacon, who spoke Arabic, studied the works of al-Farabi in originals. During the Renaissance, Europe regained the “treasures” of classical ancient Greek philosophy and al-Farabi’s merit is of no small importance in this. Al-Farabi is one of the key figures in the history of intellectual thought that influenced the development of world civilization. His legacy has contributed to the establishment of dialogue and the convergence of the cultures of East and West. The topic of the dialogue between East and West remains relevant to this day. A dialogue strategy seems to be the only correct one for strengthening solidarity and mutual understanding in the modern world.

Al-Farabi was born on the territory of present-day Kazakhstan. He studied in Farab, Bukhara, Merv, Baghdad and Harran. Among his teachers were not only Muslims, given that he also studied with Nestorian Christians such as Juhanna (John) ibn Hailan. Al-Farabi was a polyglot and this enabled him to study Greek, Syrian and Persian cultures. He lived in Baghdad until about 932. The last years of his life he spent in Damascus, Aleppo and Egypt.

He introduced the concept of a world state, a concept that is especially relevant in our time. It is noteworthy that at the same time he observed full respect for each culture and tradition, and the concept of tolerance defines and follows from his political and philosophical views.

Al-Farabi’s work highlights one not-so-well-known aspect of Greek culture’s influence: its expansion to the East. The gaze of the modern Greek is directed mainly towards the West, ignoring a large part of the planet, both in terms of population and territory. Al-Farabi began his research path in the distant steppes of Kazakhstan, where, having felt the Greek thought, he got the opportunity to continue working in the large spiritual centers of Persian and Arab culture, where Greek philosophy and science occupied a prominent place. With his writings, he made a decisive contribution to the revival of Greek thought in the Arabic-speaking world, which stretched from the Pyrenees to the borders of China.

Al-Farabi remains an actual philosopher, whose work contributes to the greatest extent to understanding globalization and increasing tolerance in all aspects of socio-political life. His life and work show that Greek civilization is the thread that connects the two worlds, East and West.

Al-Farabi 1150
1150th anniversary of the scientist, philosopher Abu Nasr al-Farabi
12 ноября 2020

In the framework of the celebration of the 1150th anniversary of the scientist and philosopher Abu Nasr al-Farabi, we are publishing material about the life, work and heritage of the great thinker.

 AL-FARABI: LIFE AND WORK

The ancient city of Otrar was located on the territory of modern southern Kazakhstan at the confluence of the river Arys with the Syr Darya. The Otrar oasis, located at the joint of the nomadic steppe with a settled agricultural population, at the fork of the most important trade routes after the Arab conquest, became known as Farab district. In this blessed land in 870 the great thinker of the East al-Farabi was born. Al-Farabi’s full name is Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Tarkhan ibn Uzlag al-Farabi at-Turki. The word “tarhan” in his name indicates that the philosopher belonged to a privileged family, and the phrase “at-Turki” proves that al-Farabi was a Turk by origin.

A few biographical data about al-Farabi came to us thanks to the writings of medieval authors: “Sources of information about the classes of doctors” Ibn Abi-Usaybiya, “Messages about scholars and sages”, authored by al-Kifti and “Dates of deaths of famous people and information about sons of time” Ibn Khallikan.

In his youth, al-Farabi had the opportunity to get acquainted with the treasures of the richest at that time, the second in the world in the number of books and manuscripts (after the famous Alexandria book depository) of the Otrar library. Probably since then an unquenchable thirst for knowledge had awakened in him. Al-Farabi, a young man of twenty, is leaving his homeland in search of knowledge and rushing to the Middle East. His goal was to visit the largest centers of intellectual and cultural life of the Arab Caliphate, such as Baghdad, Damascus, Cairo, Aleppo, and others. After long journeys, al-Farabi settled in Damascus, where he enjoyed the favor and respect of the ruler at the time Safe Ad-Daul ben Hamdani. As a true sage, al-Farabi needed a minimum of comfort and privileges, spending most of the day writing his treatises or having wise conversations by the pool or in a shady garden. Al-Farabi died in 950 at the age of eighty and was buried in the “cemetery of kings” Bab as-Sagir in Damascus. According to legend, the ruler himself read the prayer on him on four papyruses. Al-Farabi left behind a rich cultural heritage.

HERITAGE

The greatest scientist al-Farabi was born in the Turkic family of the Kipchak clan. It is worth noting that the Turkic world has given mankind with a number of outstanding scientists and thinkers. Among them, astronomer and mathematician Abbas Dzhauhari, who together with al-Khorezmi took part in the compilation of famous astronomical tables, Mohammed Khaidar Dulati left an invaluable monument on the history and culture of Turkic nations “Tarih-i-Rashidi”, Mahmoud Kashgari created a work on Turkic dialectology “Divan lugat at-Turk “, geographer Janah ibn Hakan al-Kimaki, etc.

Al-Farabi’s “weapon” against social injustice and suffering was the word, enlightenment, philosophy. He believed in the achievement of happiness by people in earthly life. He expressed this idea in his works: “A Treatise on the Views of inhabitants of a Virtuous City,” “Civil Policy,” “Showing the Way to Happiness,” “On Achieving Happiness,” and others. The result of al-Farabi’s many-sided scientific research was the treatise “On the Classification of Sciences”, in which the sciences of that time were listed in strict order, the subject of research of each was determined. According to contemporaries, “no one has ever written anything like this before.” In the XII century “On the Classification of Sciences” had been translated into Latin twice. His works on logic include “Categories”, “Dilelectics”, “Book of Letters”, “Gems of Wisdom”, “Speeches Used in Logic”, “Analytics”, “Proof”, etc. The treatises on music and poetry include “the Great book of music”, “On the art of poetry”, “Treatise on the canons of the art of poetry”. The famous French orientalist Rudolph d’Erlange translated and published in Paris in 1930-1935 two-volume French translation of the “the Great book of music”, which was a significant contribution to the study of the heritage of al-Farabi in Europe. Al-Farabi not only knew the theory of music perfectly, but was able to play musical instruments. The phrase of M. Zhumabaev is widely known: “Who does not know the music of the Turks and the nine-string dombra  of Farabi.” It can be assumed that al-Farabi is the inventor of the nine-string or four-string dombra “Ut”. Al-Farabi’s natural-science treatises include “Comments on Ptolemy’s Almagest,” “On objection to Galen about his disagreements with Aristotle regarding the organs of the human body,” “On the need for the art of chemistry,” and others. The rich cultural heritage of the Turkic thinkers provided fertile ground for development of modern Kazakhstan.

AL-FARABI. THE DIALOGUE OF EAST AND WEST

Arabic-language philosophy was greatly influenced by ancient Greek philosophy. Al-Farabi, according to Ibn Khallikan, could say: “If I had lived in the time of Aristotle, I would have been the best among his disciples.” Al-Farabi created an entire encyclopedic system, similar to Aristotelian teachings. He wrote about 160 treatises covering all branches of knowledge known at that time: politics, psychology, ethics, natural sciences, aesthetics, logic, and of course philosophy. Unfortunately, not all works have been preserved, but the main works have survived and are stored in the best libraries of the world: in Cairo, Istanbul, Beirut, London, Berlin, Paris, Bratislava, Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Arab thinkers Al-Biruni, Ibn Sina, Ibn Rushd, Ibn Baja, Ibn Tufayil and many others considered themselves disciples of al-Farabi. Ibn Sina said that he understood the “Metaphysics” of Aristotle only through the comments of al-Farabi. Ibn Sina’s medical works were highly valued in Europe throughout the Middle Ages. Ibn Rushd was known in Europe under the name of Averroes. Ibn-Rushd developed the idea of al-Farabi about the superiority of philosophy over religion, reason over revelation, laying the foundations of the doctrine of the duality of truth. Ibn-Baja was also influenced by the philosophy of al-Farabi, in his work “On the lifestyle of a hermit” he writes about the important role of knowledge in achieving ethical excellence. Ibn-Tufeyl in “The novel of Haya, the son of Yakzan,” develops the thought of al-Farabi about the perfection of the philosophical way of knowing the truth.

Speaking about the influence of al-Farbi on European philosophy, first of all we should mention the Jewish philosopher, the theologian Maimonides, whose work “Guide to the Lost” contains the ideas of al-Farabi. Through Maimonides, a thread is traced in the history of philosophy leading from al-Farabi to Spinoza, D. Skot, R. Bacon. The English monk and philosopher R. Bacon, fluent in Arabic, studied the works of al-Farabi in the scripts. During the Renaissance, Europe regained the “treasures” of classical ancient Greek philosophy and the al-Farabi’s merit in this is very significant. Al-Farabi is one of the key figures in the history of intellectual thought, that influenced the development of world civilization. His legacy had contributed to the establishment of dialogue and the rapprochement of cultures of East and West. The theme of dialogue between East and West remains relevant to this day. A dialogue strategy seems to be the only right one to strengthen solidarity and mutual understanding in the modern world.

Source:

Al-Farabi Research Center

http://al-farabi.kaznu.kz

Al-Farabi 1150
Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Tarkhan ibn Uzlugh al-Farabi at-Turki (al-Farabi)
12 ноября 2020

Al-Farabi – one of the greatest Eastern philosophers, an outstanding scientist and enlightener - was born in 870 in the town of Farab (nowadays part of modern Kazakhstan).

Having left his native town while a young man, al-Farabi visited all the major cultural centres of the medieval Arab and Islamic world: Bukhara, Merv, Harran,  Alexandria, Cairo, Baghdad, Aleppo and Damascus, where he lived, studied and worked. He spent his last years, died and was buried in Damascus in 950.

The range of al-Farabi’s scholarly interests and research included astronomy, logic, theory of music and mathematics, sociology and ethics, medicine and psychology, philosophy, and law.

As an intellectual, Al-Farabi was a world-class personality. He succeeded in conciliating and bringing together the most valuable achievements of Arab, Persian, Greek, Indian and his native, Turkic, scientific thought, and culture, all of which found reflection in his numerous philosophical and scientific treatises. Al-Farabi’s legacy also includes his extensive commentaries on works by Aristotle and Plato. The most important treatises authored by al-Farabi have survived until our times and are stored in the best libraries in the world.

The publishing house " Kazakh University" of the Al-Farabi Kazakh National University has produced works by the great thinker Al-Farabi in various fields of science, which you can find on the website: https://onedrive.live.com/?authkey=%21ALPCcHY21TPLMtk&cid=AE92B5FD9E544F15&id=AE92B5FD9E544F15%211260&parId=root&o=OneUp

 
 
Cultural and humanitarian relations
Information and educational portal "El.kz"
10 ноября 2020

Information and educational portal "El.kz" rightfully gives the opportunity to make a virtual trip to Kazakhstan for our compatriots living abroad and who want to learn as much as possible about their historical homeland.

Here you can find all the information about culture, history, education, labor market, as well as about migration processes.

The main sections of the site - "Culture", "Knowledge", "Entertainment", "Special Projects" - contain information about the diversity of cultures and traditions of Kazakhstan, science, business, health, society, natural resources, historical monuments, domestic tourism. Information and educational materials on the given topics are provided on a regular basis.

Payment for consular services
Payment for consular services
26 сентября 2020

Please note that we do not accept payment in cash or card. Only by transferring to the following bank account:

THE EMBASSY OF REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN:

ACCOUNT NR: 54.65.49.152

BIC/SWIFT CODE: ABNANL2A

IBAN: NL67ABNA0546549152

BANK: ABN AMBRO N.V.

ADDRESS: Badhuisweg 91,

2587 CE DEN HAAG, THE NETHERLANDS

Visa & Consular services for Foreign Citizens
Business Visa (B3)
22 сентября 2020

Single entry until 90 days. Period of stay – up to 30 days. Visa recipients:

1) persons arriving for negotiation, signing of the contracts.

Multiple entries until 1 year. Period of stay – up to 30 days at each entry. Visa recipients:

2) persons arriving for negotiation, signing of the contracts within the framework of cooperation in the field of industrialization and investment;
3) founders or members of board of directors.

REQUIRED DOCUMENTS:

  • Valid passport. Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months longer than the validity of the requested visa and should have at least two blank pages for a visa.
  • Visa Application. A separate visa application form must be completed for each person. All fields must be completed, properly in block letters, otherwise it won't be accepted. 
  • Photo. One passport size (3,5x4,5) photo of the applicant. Picture of the applicant which should be attached (not stapled) to the marked space in the upper right hand corner of the application form (size: 3.5cm x 4.5cm, full face, no smiling, sunglasses, a hat/cap or other head covering, should be removed, unless religious belief or ethnic background. Background: white or grey).
  • Letter of Request (for single entry business visa only). A letter with a request to issue a visa addressed to the Consular Section of the Embassy of Kazakhstan. Please, indicate your name, the purpose of your trip, your contact in Kazakhstan, the dates of your planned trip, and places to be visited.
  • Copy of visa support letter from the Migration Service Committee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan (no need for Dutch nationals if applied for single entry visa). 
  • Cover letter from inviting company.
  • Copy of passport’s main page.
  • Proof of visa fee payment (not refundable)
    • single-entry business visa up to 90 days – Euro 75; 
    • multiple-entry business visa up to 1 year – Euro 170; 

- Please note that we do not accept payment in cash or card. Only by transferring to the following bank details:

THE EMBASSY OF REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN:

ACCOUNT NR: 54.65.49.152

BIC/SWIFT CODE: ABNANL2A

IBAN: NL67ABNA0546549152

BANK: ABN AMBRO N.V.

ADDRESS: Badhuisweg 91,

2587 CE DEN HAAG, THE NETHERLANDS

Visa processing time: Visa processing time – 5 working days.

Please submit all your documents to the Consular Section of the Embassy of Kazakhstan in the Hague in person or via Visa Services Agencies.

A memo for citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan traveling abroad
Важная информация для граждан РК, планирующих поездку в Нидерланды
11 сентября 2020
Консульские и визовые вопросы (НЕ ВЫБИРАТЬ, НЕ УДАЛЯТЬ)
Services of the Consular Section for citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Visa & Consular services for Foreign Citizens
Working hours (COVID-19 update)
27 августа 2020

ATTENTION!

Until further notice, the Consular Section will open on Monday, Wednesday, Friday from 9:30 to 12:30

You can schedule your appointment via online form https://kzembassynl.appointlet.com/

For further information, please contact the Consular Section at +31 70-427-22-20 (telephone consultations from 15:00 to 17:00)

Email: consul.hague@mfa.kz, consul.denhaag@gmail.com

Address: Badhuisweg 91, 2587 CE, The Hague

Please note that in light of the provisions in force regarding social distancing, public access to the Consular Section will be by appointment only. When visiting the Embassy, wearing a face mask is mandatory to all clients. This measure serves to protect the public and embassy staff.

Services of the Consular Section for citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan
27 августа 2020
Visa & Consular services for Foreign Citizens
Work visa (C3)
26 августа 2020

Visa for work, "C3" category (single entry until 90 days / multiple entires until 3 years; for Astana International Financial Centre workers until 5 years. Duration - for the entire period of validity of the visa). Visa recipients:

  • Foreigner visiting Kazakhstan with a purpose of work, including their family members.

Required documents:

  • Valid passport. Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months longer than the validity of the requested visa and should have at least two blank pages for a visa.
  • Visa Application. A separate visa application form must be completed for each person. All fields must be completed properly in block letters, otherwise it won't be accepted
  • One passport size (3,5x4,5) photo of the applicant. Picture of the applicant which should be attached (not stapled) to the marked space in the upper right hand corner of the application form (size: 3.5cm x 4.5cm, full face, no smiling, sunglasses, a hat/cap or other head covering, should be removed, unless religious belief or ethnic background. Background: white or grey).
  • Copy of visa support letter from the Migration Service Committee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Place of visa issuance must be – Embassy of Kazakhstan in the Hague).
  • Copy of the work permit in Kazakhstan.
  • Letter from inviting company/organization.
  • Copy of passport’s main page.
  • Proof of visa fee payment (not refundable)
    • single-entry visa valid for 90 days is Euro 75; 
    • multiple-entry work visa valid for one year is Euro 170;
    • multiple-entry work visa valid for two years is Euro 330;
    • multiple-entry work visa valid for three years is Euro 450;
    • children under 6 years of age - free of charge (based on the principle of reciprocity).

- Please note that we do not accept payment in cash. Only by transferring to the following bank details:

THE EMBASSY OF REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN:

ACCOUNT NR: 54.65.49.152

BIC/SWIFT CODE: ABNANL2A

IBAN: NL67ABNA0546549152

BANK: ABN AMRO N.V.

ADDRESS: Badhuisweg 91,

2587 CE DEN HAAG, THE NETHERLANDS

*Visa Fees are not refundable.

Visa processing time: Visa processing time up to 5 working days.

Please submit all your documents to the Consular Section of the Embassy of Kazakhstan in the Hague in person or via Visa Services Agencies.

 

COVID-19 update!

In addition to required documents please submit:

- a copy of the Protocol of the State Commission meeting*

*(Dutch nationals are exempted from this requirement)

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