What to know about vaccination against COVID-19


Vaccination of the population against coronavirus infection began in Kazakhstan on February 1, 2021.

This event is treated differently, some Kazakhstanis oppose vaccinations or spread fake information about the terrible consequences, while others, on the contrary, call for vaccination due to the rise in the incidence of coronavirus.

In this article, we will tell you what you need to know about coronavirus vaccination.


What side effects do these vaccines have?

More often than others, short-term common side effects may develop from vaccination: short-term flu-like syndrome with chills, fever, arthralgia, myalgia, asthenia, general malaise, headache.

Local reactions may also occur: pain at the injection site, hyperemia, and swelling.

Less often, nausea, dyspepsia, decreased appetite, and sometimes an increase in regional lymph nodes are noted.

Some patients may develop allergic reactions, a short-term increase in the level of hepatic transaminases, creatinine and creatine phosphokinase in the blood serum.

There is also a risk of contracting coronavirus on the eve of vaccination or in the interval between the administration of two components.

All side effects are observed within the expected limits of the study protocol.

It is worth noting that the Network also appears fake information about the side effects of the vaccine with photos of the "consequences".

Official agencies are asked to believe only reliable sources.

In Kazakhstan, the official source of information about the situation with coronavirus is the website coronavirus2020.kz.

What is known about coronavirus vaccines available in Kazakhstan

In Kazakhstan, the organization of vaccination against coronavirus began on February 1, 2021.

Currently, in Kazakhstan, vaccination and revaccination against Covid-19 of the population is carried out using 3 types of vaccines: KazVak, Sinopharm and Komirnati (Pfizer).

Who is subject to vaccination?

Persons, including foreign citizens residing in the territory of Kazakhstan for 3 months or more, who have a high risk of infection with Covid-19, as well as persons wishing to receive a preventive vaccination against this infection, are subject to preventive vaccinations against Covid-19.

Who will not be vaccinated against coronavirus

Persons who have permanent and temporary medical contraindications to preventive vaccinations in accordance with the Order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated October 21, 2020 No. KR DSM-146/2020 "On Approval of the list of medical contraindications to preventive vaccinations" are not subject to vaccination against CVI.

Patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy and patients with immunodeficiency may not develop a sufficient immune response. Therefore, taking drugs that inhibit the function of the immune system is contraindicated for at least 1 month before and after vaccination due to the risk of reducing immunogenicity.

Persons with an acute and asymptomatic form of CVI are not subject to vaccination against CVI.

Persons who have come into contact with a patient with an infectious disease, including CVI, are vaccinated after the end of the quarantine period.

Prior to vaccination, no screening is performed for the presence of antibodies against CVI (ELISA and PCR examination).


Where and how is vaccination carried out

Vaccination of the population is carried out in vaccination centers of territorial medical organizations.

Vaccination of the special contingent is carried out at the place of service of the relevant department.

In some cases (low population, lack of a stationary vaccination office, lack of refrigeration equipment with a low temperature regime), mobile vaccination centers or mobile vaccination teams are organized for vaccination.

The vaccination team is formed in each vaccination center, taking into account the daily load on 1 team – no more than 60 vaccinations (field or mobile-no more than 40 vaccinations).

At the same time, 1 vaccination team consists of: a doctor - 1, a vaccination nurse – 1 and, if necessary, a registrar – 1.

In rural areas, it is allowed to organize a vaccination team consisting of: a paramedic (in the absence of a doctor) - 1, a vaccination nurse-1, if necessary, a registrar-1.

The coronavirus vaccine is administered in two stages with an interval of 21 days. The first dose gives a short-term protective effect due to the production of a small amount of antibodies. The second dose strengthens and strengthens the effect of the first, the number of antibodies in the human body increases.

Before any vaccination, the medical professional checks the presence of allergies in the vaccinated person. If there is a serious allergic disease, a person is given a medical withdrawal from vaccination. At the same time, it is impossible to predict an allergic reaction, since each organism is individual. In order to respond in a timely manner, the person should remain under medical supervision (within the walls of the med. institutions) the first 30 minutes after receiving the vaccine: it is during this period that an allergic reaction to the vaccine may occur.

All vaccinated patients will be in a medical facility under the supervision of a doctor for the first 30 minutes. Then, for the next 3 days, they will be under the supervision of local doctors at the place of residence. In addition, each vaccinated person is given a special memo indicating the possible side effects of the vaccine and the phone numbers of clinics to which they can contact in case of such effects.

The conducted vaccination is registered in the established accounting forms (a separate journal of preventive vaccinations against CVI, a card of preventive vaccinations, a medical card of an outpatient patient, a vaccination section of the medical information system) with an indication of the date of vaccination, the type of vaccinations (component I or II), the manufacturing company of the drug, the batch number, the reaction to the vaccine.

It is also planned to introduce an electronic vaccination passport.

An electronic vaccination passport is a document that certifies the receipt of preventive vaccinations. It will contain data on what drugs the person received, in what doses, on what dates, and whether there were manifestations after vaccination.

As soon as a person receives a coronavirus vaccination, information about this will be available in the eGov mobile app.

Is it possible to refuse the vaccine

Vaccination is carried out on a voluntary basis, only with the informed consent of the vaccinated person.

In accordance with Article 77 of the Code of Kazakhstan "On the Health of the People and the Health System", Kazakhstanis have the right to refuse to receive preventive vaccines.

There is no administrative or criminal liability for refusal of vaccination in Kazakhstan, and any harassment will be illegal.